- August 7th, 2014, 1:06 pm
- Forum: Technical Forum
- Topic: Any other method to reduce option price for investor?
- Replies:
**1** - Views:
**3737**

<t>An investor usually finds the price of a plain vanilla call option costs too much. So up-out option can be used if the investor finds the underlying price cannot go too high. Alternatively, the bank can sell a call and buy a down-in put from the investor to reduce the total cost. I can only figur...

- July 22nd, 2014, 2:28 pm
- Forum: General Forum
- Topic: How to price future option with non-negligible margin cost?
- Replies:
**0** - Views:
**3775**

<t>We are trading options on future. No matter we are long or short the future, we need to pay a margin m (proportional to the future value F) to enter the future position. We need to borrow money at interest rate p to pay the margin. Now suppose we short an option f on future F, and hold delta numb...

- May 18th, 2014, 1:11 pm
- Forum: General Forum
- Topic: How to price a collar more accurately?
- Replies:
**6** - Views:
**4832**

QuoteOriginally posted by: daveangelone would normally sell otm calls and but otm puts in a collar.Thank you so much for your reply, but we are on the sell side. our client is more concerned about the commodity price going up.

- May 17th, 2014, 12:31 pm
- Forum: General Forum
- Topic: How to price a collar more accurately?
- Replies:
**6** - Views:
**4832**

<t>Now the spot is S0, one wants to sell a call option strike at 0.8S0 and buy a put option at 1.2S0. With historical volatility and small interest, the Black-Scholes price difference between the call and put option is very small.(1) There is no option traded in the market, so it is difficult to obt...

- May 11th, 2014, 1:35 pm
- Forum: Technical Forum
- Topic: Heston VS SABR model
- Replies:
**2** - Views:
**6820**

<t>I got a bit confused about the difference and application of these two implied volatility model.(1) What are the selection criteria of these two models? Under what kinds of situation, which one is better?(2) Heston model is directly designed for spot price, while SABR model is designed for future...

- November 30th, 2013, 10:16 pm
- Forum: Student Forum
- Topic: Change of numeraire in pricing bond option
- Replies:
**0** - Views:
**5602**

<t>Change of numeraire in pricing bond optionSuppose the interest rate model:dr_t=κ(θ-r_t )dt+σdW ̂_tBond price with maturity at u, where u>T:P_t (u)=exp[A_t (u)-B_t (u) r_t ]where r_t is the only source of uncertainty of bond price.We need to price call option with maturity T:Q_(t=T) (T)=(P_T (u)-K...

- October 17th, 2013, 7:32 pm
- Forum: Student Forum
- Topic: How to interpret the probability in the figure?
- Replies:
**12** - Views:
**6408**

<t>Thank you for your responses. I still hope to understand this type of problem further. Now suppose Y=min(X1, X2). One can get P{Y>=y}=(1-y)^2. From the attached figure, it can be shown that P{Y>=y and Z<=z} = (z-y)^2. However, can we calculate P{Y>=y and Z<=z} mathematically without the help of f...

- October 16th, 2013, 1:27 am
- Forum: Student Forum
- Topic: How to interpret the probability in the figure?
- Replies:
**12** - Views:
**6408**

<t>Let X1 and X2 be IID random variables with uniform distribution between 0 and 1. z = max(X1, X2).I can calculate the cdf of P{Z<=z}=z^2 analytically. But how to interpret this formula from the attached figure? why the square (0,0)_(z,0)_(z,z)_(0,z) is P{Z<=z}?Thank you. Thank you for your suggest...

- October 11th, 2013, 1:47 am
- Forum: Student Forum
- Topic: How to interpret the expectation and variance in this case?
- Replies:
**1** - Views:
**5759**

The default probability p of bond A is 0.5. Let X be the indicator for the event that bond A defaults. Then the expectation of X is 0.5, and variance of X is p(1-p)=0.25.I cannot understand what the meaning of expectation of X is. Also how can we calculate the variance of X in that way?

- September 24th, 2013, 2:45 am
- Forum: Brainteaser Forum
- Topic: Can we solve the problem by maringale?
- Replies:
**5** - Views:
**7209**

<t>A gambler starts with an initial fortune of i dollars. On each successive game, the gambler wins $1 with probability p, 0<p<1, or loss $1 with probability q=1-p. He will stop if he either accumulates N dollars or loses all his money. What is the probability that he will end up with N dollars?Assu...

- September 15th, 2013, 1:36 am
- Forum: Brainteaser Forum
- Topic: The Dart game problem
- Replies:
**3** - Views:
**8235**

<t>Jason throws two darts at a dartboard, aiming for the center. The second dart lands farther from the center than the first. If Jason throws a third dart aiming for the center, what is the probability that the third throw is farther from the center than the first? Assume Jason's skillfulness is co...

- September 7th, 2013, 1:11 am
- Forum: Brainteaser Forum
- Topic: What's the expected return of this game?
- Replies:
**3** - Views:
**7727**

<t>Thank you Vanubis1. I think it makes sense.I also wonder if there is any quick way to solve E(n)=(3+4+5+6)/6-n*4/6+2/6*E(n+1)?What I can think is let E(n)=an+b. Then we have2a*n+2b=a+9-2nLet n= 1,2we can solve a = -1 and b =4.Finally check if E(n)=4-n a solution. In this way, I am not sure if the...

- September 6th, 2013, 1:22 am
- Forum: Brainteaser Forum
- Topic: What's the expected return of this game?
- Replies:
**3** - Views:
**7727**

<t>There is a dice with number from 1 to 6. You pay 1 dollar to roll the dice each time and you get the return as the dice number. What's your expected return?I try to solve it in this way. I list the return (gained-paid) in each round against the dice number below: dice number 1 2 3 4 5 6return rou...

- August 1st, 2013, 4:14 am
- Forum: Brainteaser Forum
- Topic: tie ropes to form a ring
- Replies:
**10** - Views:
**9411**

there are 100 ropes ? if you tie 100 ends together, what would be the expected number of ropes that would have tied to their own end and be in a ring?

- August 1st, 2013, 4:10 am
- Forum: Student Forum
- Topic: How to calculate conditional expectation?
- Replies:
**0** - Views:
**6536**

Assume X and Y are independent variable, f(x) and g(y) are their probability density functions. Can the conditional expectation E{X=x|X+Y<3} be calculated as below?

GZIP: On