QuoteOriginally posted by: CuchulainnThe Hunting of the Quark... (not to be confused with Kwok)QuoteThree quarks for Muster Mark! 2 Sure he hasn't got much of a bark 3 And sure any he has it's all beside the mark. 4 But O, Wreneagle Almighty, wouldn't un be a sky of a lark 5 To see that old buzzard whooping about for uns shirt in the dark 6 And he hunting round for uns speckled trousers around by Palmer- 7 stown Park? 8 Hohohoho, moulty Mark! 9 You're the rummest old rooster ever flopped out of a Noah's ark 10 And you think you're cock of the wark. 11 Fowls, up! Tristy's the spry young spark 12 That'll tread her and wed her and bed her and red her 13 Without ever winking the tail of a feather 14 And that's how that chap's going to make his money and mark! QuoteGell-Mann's own explanation:In 1963, when I assigned the name "quark" to the fundamental constituents of the nucleon, I had the sound first, without the spelling, which could have been "kwork". Then, in one of my occasional perusals of Finnegans Wake, by James Joyce, I came across the word "quark" in the phrase "Three quarks for Muster Mark". Since "quark" (meaning, for one thing, the cry of the gull) was clearly intended to rhyme with "Mark," as well as "bark" and other such words, I had to find an excuse to pronounce it as "kwork". But the book represents the dream of a publican named Humphrey Chimpden Earwicker. Words in the text are typically drawn from several sources at once, like the "portmanteau" words in "Through the Looking Glass". From time to time, phrases occur in the book that are partially determined by calls for drinks at the bar. I argued, therefore, that perhaps one of the multiple sources of the cry "Three quarks for Muster Mark" might be "Three quarts for Mister Mark," in which case the pronunciation "kwork" would not be totally unjustified. In any case, the number three fitted perfectly the way quarks occur in nature. The phrase "three quarks" is a particularly good fit (as mentioned in the above quote), as at the time, there were only three known quarks, and since quarks appear in groups of three in baryons.In Joyce's use, it is seabirds giving "three quarks", akin to three cheers, "quark" having a meaning of the cry of a gull (probably onomatopoeia, like "quack" for ducks). The word is also a pun on the relationship between Munster and its provincial capital, CorkQuoteThere is a natural connection, first discovered by Eugene Wigner, between the properties of particles, the representation theory of Lie groups and Lie algebras, and the symmetries of the universe. According to it, the different states of an elementary particle furnishes an irreducible representation of the Poincare group. Moreover, the spectrum of different particles, and their properties, can be related to representations of Lie algebras which correspond to "approximate symmetries" of the universe.