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July 13th, 2011, 6:01 pm

Rmax may like The Economist Style Guide, but this one is probably a better cure for insomnia.984 pages. 3.3 pounds (about 1.5 kg)The Chicago Manual of Style Online
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Traden4Alpha
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July 13th, 2011, 6:04 pm

 
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July 13th, 2011, 6:08 pm

Between that, Expletives Deleted, and Direct Commands, sometimes it is best to stay in the first person singular, with an occasional superlative gerund.
 
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Cuchulainn
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July 13th, 2011, 6:20 pm

QuoteOriginally posted by: Traden4AlphaIt could have been with a semi-colonial
 
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July 13th, 2011, 6:28 pm

Or worse, an Ellipsis. You never know what might happen next with them...!
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Cuchulainn
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July 13th, 2011, 6:38 pm

QuoteOriginally posted by: trackstarOr worse, an Ellipsis. You never know what might happen next with them...Ellipsis are outside the scope of the current discussion.
 
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July 13th, 2011, 6:47 pm

Well I beg your pardon, I thought that it was open season on all Syntax.If we are limiting the debate to the comma and the semicolonial only, I should wait awhile before introducing the tasty subject of Generative Grammar. However, I think I will throw caution to the winds today! "The hypothesis of generative grammar is that language is a structure of the human mind. The goal of generative grammar is to make a complete model of this inner language, which could be used to describe all human language and to predict the grammaticality of any given utterance.Most generative theories assume that syntax is based upon the constituent structure of sentences, therefore they focus primarily on the form of a sentence, rather than on its communicative function.Among the many generative theories of linguistics, the Chomskyan theories are:Transformational Grammar Government and binding theory Minimalist program Related theories include:Generative semantics Relational grammar Arc Pair grammarGeneralized phrase structure grammar Head-driven phrase structure grammar Lexical-functional grammar Nanosyntax**I think that quants would enjoy Arc Pair grammar and Head-driven phrase structure grammar in particular. Nanosyntax might catch the fancy of the Quantum Mechanists out there too.
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July 13th, 2011, 6:54 pm

Arc Pair GrammarIn linguistics, Arc Pair grammar is a syntactic theory developed by David E. Johnson and Paul Postal. Like relational grammar, Arc Pair grammar is concerned with grammatical relations, as opposed to the constituent structure focus of other generative theories like versions of Chomskyan transformational grammar. In contrast to the generative-enumerative (proof-theoretic) approach to syntax assumed by transformational grammar, Arc Pair grammar takes a model-theoretic approach, where linguistic laws and language-specific rules of grammar are formalized in the same manner as logical statements in an axiomatic theory. In addition, the sentences of a language, understood as structures of a certain type, are the models of the set of linguistic laws and language-specific statements, thereby reducing the notion of grammaticality to the logical notion of model-theoretic satisfaction.
 
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July 13th, 2011, 6:57 pm

Head-driven Phrase Structure GrammarHead-driven phrase structure grammar (HPSG) is a highly lexicalized, non-derivational generative grammar theory developed by Carl Pollard and Ivan Sag. It is the immediate successor to generalized phrase structure grammar. HPSG draws from other fields such as computer science (data type theory and knowledge representation) and uses Ferdinand de Saussure's notion of the sign. It uses a uniform formalism and is organized in a modular way which makes it attractive for natural language processing.An HPSG grammar includes principles and grammar rules and lexicon entries which are normally not considered to belong to a grammar. The formalism is based on lexicalism. This means that the lexicon is more than just a list of entries; it is in itself richly structured. Individual entries are marked with types. Types form a hierarchy. Early versions of the grammar were very lexicalized with few grammatical rules (schema). More recent research has tended to add more and richer rules, becoming more like Construction Grammar .The basic type HPSG deals with is the sign. Words and phrases are two different subtypes of sign. A word has two features: [PHON] (the sound, the phonetic form) and [SYNSEM] (the syntactic and semantic information), both of which are split into subfeatures. Signs and rules are formalized as typed feature structures.HPSG generates strings by combining signs, which are defined by their location within a type hierarchy and by their internal feature structure, represented by attribute value matrices (AVMs). Features take types or lists of types as their values, and these values may in turn have their own feature structure. Grammatical rules are largely expressed through the constraints signs place on one another. A sign's feature structure describes its phonological, syntactic, and semantic properties. In common notation, AVMs are written with features in upper case and types in italicized lower case. Numbered indices in an AVM represent token identical values.In the simplified AVM for the word "walks" below, the verb's categorical information is divided into features that describe it (HEAD) and features that describe its arguments (VALENCE).See a lovely diagram here:HPSG
 
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Powerpuff
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July 13th, 2011, 9:21 pm

Maybe you all just need to relax a little
 
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Powerpuff
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July 29th, 2011, 5:42 pm

Penrose dice:
 
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July 29th, 2011, 6:48 pm

QuoteOriginally posted by: outrunEsher Penrose is the one that drivers professional bathroom tilers insane with it's 216" anglesI get confused
 
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Traden4Alpha
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July 29th, 2011, 6:59 pm

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