Lots of interesting questions here. The government who just took over after eight (?) years of conservative/populist rule (the blue-blue alliance) is probably the last in line of having caused this problem. The market price for electricity to end users increasing by some 400% is clearly a problem. Having said end users being charged the market spot price by the hour is arguably a bigger problem. It basically means putting the responsibility of making hard risk management decisions onto those who are the least qualified and equipped to handle them. Kind of like making home buyers take out floating rate mortgages with no cap, which is another Scandi tradition. Because, like, it’s hard for banks to manage interest rate exposure. It’s arguably insane to expect to be able to compete in the business of growing tomatoes and cucumbers in Norway in winter. It is, as a geographic reminder, cold and dark there, and those veggies need warmth and light. Well, unless you can buy electricity at an 80% discount to market prices. Then it’s not unlike running a business importing bauxite from South America, refining it into aluminum, and exporting that to faraway markets. All you need is cheap/free hydro power and a local tolerance for environmental damage. Which, in all fairness, is probably not that much of an issue with the greenhouse business. Should Norway close its borders to export of electricity? I don’t know, but I’m guessing that it would not sit well with its commitments to the EU. Which might call for a, wait, no-exit?