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nijaniaina
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Posts: 1
Joined: October 10th, 2013, 3:52 pm

Commodity Gas Storage

October 17th, 2013, 2:42 pm

Hi Guys,I am looking to know if anyone has valued any Park and Loan Gas storage contract. Here is a typical example of contract.There are 3 components:1) Injection period with a maximum of injection per day. The option part is on the volume which need to be inside the 0 and the max.2) Waiting period: No injection neither a withdraw during the period.3) Withdrawal period with a maximum of withdraw per day. The option part is on the volume also which need to be inside the 0 and the max.Do you know any model used (both calibration and valuation model) in real life ?ThanksN
 
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Stale
Posts: 209
Joined: November 7th, 2006, 3:20 pm

Commodity Gas Storage

October 21st, 2013, 11:07 am

So what's the value for this kind of flexibility?
 
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Stale
Posts: 209
Joined: November 7th, 2006, 3:20 pm

Commodity Gas Storage

October 22nd, 2013, 10:35 am

Yep, sounds reasonable. Winter/summer spreads for large repositories and base/peak for small ones. Any thoughts on the flexibility-premium as a function of volatility? Increased intermittent production drives price volatility, and thus make long-term flex-premiums cheaper compared to short-term, relatively speaking, perhaps?
 
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jige
Posts: 29
Joined: December 4th, 2011, 4:08 pm

Commodity Gas Storage

October 22nd, 2013, 10:00 pm

As outrun explained well : you can add a number of parameters and consider a number of different contracts to include in your model (Spread Intraday/DayAhead , WeekAhead/MonthAhead...) , on a single gas year you have many spreads but not much tradable contracts in the market with liquidity, and how do you value your vol curve on these contracts where there is no options trading or at least no that you can see (OTC or embedded in other complex products).What i suggest you to do, as it is often really close to the pricing found by way more complex models use in industry and remains doable by a single person is to select a certain number of contract ID, DA,WEA, WA,MA (Intraday,day ahead, week end ahead...) you take the historical data for each of this contract for the last 5 Gas Years and built a backward tree of what would have been the Optimal Way for the storage to maximise your PNL considering all the Injection and Withdrawal Rates, costs and racheting curve (Variation of Injection/Withdrawal rates depending on the volume in the storage) . It is the same as locking the intrinsic value in the forward market and then looking at the historical PNL you'd have realized by arbitraging with spreads, that is equivalent of buying your flexibility at 0 and doing the gamma, so your PNL is the historical value of your storage flexibility. You'll see that Intraday is almost never used and majority of what you could have done is DayAhead /WeekAhead or WeekAhead/MonthAhead. Note that even this kind of model required time to develop and implement and that your data integrity is important because fake data can allow a certain path on the tree which would never have been reachable otherwise. I dont work in this industry anymore but looking at the gas market, i'd be very surprise that the flex got much market value left because of the structure of the market. IF you have a really fast storage , for example one you can fill up in 10 days then yes, you have huge flex, but for a classic 90days storage on TTF , i dont think you will get a better bid than 0.10cts of Eur / MWh over intrinsic.Maybe outrun could confirm , precise or correct what I just said.
Last edited by jige on October 22nd, 2013, 10:00 pm, edited 1 time in total.
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